1. Effects of collagen-derived bioactive peptides and natural antioxidant compounds on proliferation and matrix protein synthesis by cultured normal human dermal fibroblasts.

Edgar S, Hopley B, Genovese L, Sibilla S, Laight D, Shute J.

Sci Rep. 2018 Jul 11;8(1):10474. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-28492-w.

PMID: 29992983 

2. Effectiveness of a Dietary Supplement Containing Hydrolyzed Collagen, Chondroitin Sulfate, and Glucosamine in Pain Reduction and Functional Capacity in Osteoarthritis Patients.

Puigdellivol J, Comellas Berenger C, Pérez Fernández MÁ, Cowalinsky Millán JM, Carreras Vidal C, Gil Gil I, Martínez Pagán J, Ruiz Nieto B, Jiménez Gómez F, Comas Figuerola FX, Aguilar Hernández ME.

J Diet Suppl. 2018 Apr 27:1-11. doi: 10.1080/19390211.2018.1461726. [Epub ahead of print]

PMID: 29701488 

3. The effect of oral collagen peptide supplementation on skin moisture and the dermal collagen network: evidence from an ex vivo model and randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

Asserin J, Lati E, Shioya T, Prawitt J.

J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015 Dec;14(4):291-301. doi: 10.1111/jocd.12174. Epub 2015 Sep 12.

PMID: 26362110 

4. Collagen peptide supplementation in combination with resistance training improves body composition and increases muscle strength in elderly sarcopenic men: a randomised controlled trial.

Zdzieblik D, Oesser S, Baumstark MW, Gollhofer A, König D.

Br J Nutr. 2015 Oct 28;114(8):1237-45. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515002810. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

PMID: 26353786 

5. Daily consumption of the collagen supplement Pure Gold Collagen® reduces visible signs of aging.

Borumand M, Sibilla S.

Clin Interv Aging. 2014 Oct 13;9:1747-58. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S65939. eCollection 2014.

PMID: 25342893 

6. Supplementating with dietary astaxanthin combined with collagen hydrolysate improves facial elasticity and decreases matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -12 expression: a comparative study with placebo.

Yoon HS, Cho HH, Cho S, Lee SR, Shin MH, Chung JH.

J Med Food. 2014 Jul;17(7):810-6. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2013.3060. Epub 2014 Jun 23.

PMID: 24955642 

7. Bovine collagen peptides compounds promote the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts.

Liu J, Zhang B, Song S, Ma M, Si S, Wang Y, Xu B, Feng K, Wu J, Guo Y.

PLoS One. 2014 Jun 13;9(6):e99920. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099920. eCollection 2014.

PMID: 24926875 

8. Oral intake of specific bioactive collagen peptides reduces skin wrinkles and increases dermal matrix synthesis.

Proksch E, Schunck M, Zague V, Segger D, Degwert J, Oesser S.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27(3):113-9. doi: 10.1159/000355523. Epub 2013 Dec 24.

PMID: 24401291 

9. Effect of collagen hydrolysate in articular pain: a 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study.

Bruyère O, Zegels B, Leonori L, Rabenda V, Janssen A, Bourges C, Reginster JY.

Complement Ther Med. 2012 Jun;20(3):124-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2011.12.007. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

PMID: 22500661 

10. 24-Week study on the use of collagen hydrolysate as a dietary supplement in athletes with activity-related joint pain.

Clark KL, Sebastianelli W, Flechsenhar KR, Aukermann DF, Meza F, Millard RL, Deitch JR, Sherbondy PS, Albert A.

Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 May;24(5):1485-96. doi: 10.1185/030079908X291967 . Epub 2008 Apr 15.

PMID: 18416885 

Beef Protein

2. The Effects of Beef, Chicken, or Whey Protein After Workout on Body Composition and Muscle Performance.

Sharp MH, Lowery RP, Shields KA, Lane JR, Gray JL, Partl JM, Hayes DW, Wilson GJ, Hollmer CA, Minivich JR, Wilson JM.

J Strength Cond Res. 2018 Aug;32(8):2233-2242. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001936.

PMID: 28399016

1. Effects of Supplementation with Beef or Whey Protein Versus Carbohydrate in Master Triathletes.

Naclerio F, Seijo M, Larumbe-Zabala E, Ashrafi N, Christides T, Karsten B, Nielsen BV.

J Am Coll Nutr. 2017 Nov-Dec;36(8):593-601. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2017.1335248. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

PMID: 28910233 


1: Miczke A, Szulińska M, Hansdorfer-Korzon R, Kręgielska-Narożna M, Suliburska
J, Walkowiak J, Bogdański P.

Effects of spirulina consumption on body weight,
blood pressure, and endothelial function in overweight hypertensive Caucasians: a
double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci.
2016;20(1):150-6. PubMed PMID: 26813468


1: Panahi Y, Badeli R, Karami GR, Badeli Z, Sahebkar A.

A randomized controlled trial of 6-week Chlorella vulgaris supplementation in patients with major depressive disorder.

Complement Ther Med. 2015 Aug;23(4):598-602. doi:
10.1016/j.ctim.2015.06.010. Epub 2015 Jun 18. PubMed PMID: 26275653.

1: Lee SH, Kang HJ, Lee HJ, Kang MH, Park YK.

Six-week supplementation with Chlorella has favorable impact on antioxidant status in Korean male smokers.

Nutrition. 2010 Feb;26(2):175-83. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2009.03.010. Epub 2009 Aug
5. PubMed PMID: 19660910.

Spinach Extract

1: Bohlooli S, Barmaki S, Khoshkhahesh F, Nakhostin-Roohi B.

The effect of spinach supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress. J Sports Med Phys Fitness.

2015 Jun;55(6):609-14. Epub 2014 Jun 12. PubMed PMID: 24921623.

1: Rebello CJ, Chu J, Beyl R, Edwall D, Erlanson-Albertsson C, Greenway FL.

Acute Effects of a Spinach Extract Rich in Thylakoids on Satiety: A Randomized
Controlled Crossover Trial. J Am Coll Nutr. 2015;34(6):470-7. doi:
10.1080/07315724.2014.1003999. Epub 2015 Jun 1. PubMed PMID: 26029978; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC4600649.

Broccoli Extract

1: Kikuchi M, Ushida Y, Shiozawa H, Umeda R, Tsuruya K, Aoki Y, Suganuma H,
Nishizaki Y.

Sulforaphane-rich broccoli sprout extract improves hepatic abnormalities in male subjects.

World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Nov 21;21(43):12457-67. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i43.12457. PubMed PMID: 26604653; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC4649129.

Wheat Grass Extract

1: Guillou S, Ghabri S, Jannot C, Gaillard E, Lamour I, Boisnic S.

The moisturizing effect of a wheat extract food supplement on women's skin: a
randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial.

Int J Cosmet Sci. 2011 Apr;33(2):138-43. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2494.2010.00600.x. PubMed PMID: 20646083.

Beet Root Extract 

1: Flanagan SD, Looney DP, Miller MJ, DuPont WH, Pryor L, Creighton BC, Sterczala AJ, Szivak TK, Hooper DR, Maresh CM, Volek JS, Ellis LA, Kraemer WJ.

The Effects of Nitrate-Rich Supplementation on Neuromuscular Efficiency during Heavy Resistance Exercise.

J Am Coll Nutr. 2016;35(2):100-7. doi:
10.1080/07315724.2015.1081572. Epub 2016 Feb 17. PubMed PMID: 26885762.

1: Jajja A, Sutyarjoko A, Lara J, Rennie K, Brandt K, Qadir O, Siervo M.

Beetroot supplementation lowers daily systolic blood pressure in older, overweight

Nutr Res. 2014 Oct;34(10):868-75. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2014.09.007.
Epub 2014 Sep 28. PubMed PMID: 25294299.

1: Hoon MW, Jones AM, Johnson NA, Blackwell JR, Broad EM, Lundy B, Rice AJ, BurkeLM.

The effect of variable doses of inorganic nitrate-rich beetroot juice on
simulated 2,000-m rowing performance in trained athletes. Int J Sports Physiol

2014 Jul;9(4):615-20. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2013-0207. Epub 2013 Sep 30.
PubMed PMID: 24085341.

Barley Extract 

1: Yu YM, Chang WC, Chang CT, Hsieh CL, Tsai CE.

Effects of young barley leaf extract and antioxidative vitamins on LDL oxidation and free radical scavenging activities in type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Metab. 2002 Apr;28(2):107-14. PubMed
PMID: 11976562.